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updated 6:55 AM UTC, Oct 17, 2017

Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s message welcoming participants in the international seminar on peace settlement between Palestinians and Israelis

I’d like to welcome all participants in the international seminar on peace between Palestinians and Israelis, which was organised by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

Russia has consistently worked to achieve a fair Palestinian-Israeli settlement as soon as possible on a universally recognised international legal basis, in part, by implementing the Madrid principles, relevant UN Security Council resolutions, the Arab Peace Initiative and earlier agreements. Mutually acceptable accords should ensure the formation of an independent, contiguous and viable Palestinian state that will co-exist in peace and security with Israel.

We welcome the stance of the Palestinian leaders, which they have reaffirmed repeatedly – that there is no alternative to negotiations. We are pleased to note that the leader of the new Israeli government, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, expressed support for a two-state solution to the Palestinian problem twice in the past month. We hope that this position will be backed by practical steps. For our part, we will continue facilitating the resumption of talks – both via bilateral channels and at different international venues, first and foremost, in the format of the Middle East Quartet of international mediators.

It is necessary to monitor the situation in the Gaza Strip where the population continues to experience serious humanitarian difficulties. There is considerable demand for steps aimed at lifting or at least easing the blockade. We consider it important to provide Palestinians with the resources pledged by the participants in the International Conference on Palestine, “Reconstructing Gaza”, that took place in Cairo last October, and to provide them on time. Russia strongly supports the efforts to unify Palestinian ranks on the basis of the Palestine Liberation Organisation and the Arab Peace Initiative.

It is in the interests of the international community for Palestine to acquire national sovereignty, which will help strengthen peace and stability in the region. I am confident that your meeting will also make a contribution to our common efforts.

I wish you productive discussions and all the best.

Sergey Lavrov

Moscow, July 1, 2015

Statement by the Russian Foreign Ministry on Finland’s decision to deny entry to the Russian delegation in the run-up to PACE session

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The Russian side views as unacceptable the Finnish authorities’ decision to deny entry to State Duma Speaker Sergei Naryshkin, head of the official delegation of the Russian Federal Assembly, and five other members of the Russian delegation to Helsinki for the 24th annual Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe (PACE) session due to take place on July 5-9.

Statements that these members of parliament are included in the European Union’s sanctions list are absolutely inappropriate. EU decisions cannot justify Finland’s deviation from its international obligations when this country hosts the annual PACE session.

We consider such actions to be openly unfriendly; they do not conform to the principles of good-neighbourly relations and are detrimental to Russian-Finnish relations.

Hannu Himanen, Finland’s Ambassador in Moscow, was invited to the Russian Foreign Ministry today and briefed on the situation.

It was also decided not to send an official Russian delegation to a high-level meeting marking the 40th anniversary of signing the Helsinki Final Act, which is to be held in Helsinki immediately after the PACE session. An official of the Russian Embassy in Finland will attend the event.

Press Release by the Russian Foreign Ministry on Sergey Lavrov's meeting with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif

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On June 30, Sergey Lavrov met with Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mohammad Javad Zarif.

The officials discussed the ongoing negotiations for the comprehensive settlement of the Iranian nuclear programme. The ministers had an interested exchange of views regarding the possible further steps to eliminate the remaining obstacles on the way to a final mutually acceptable agreement.

Both sides discussed cooperation within the SCO, including the preparations for the upcoming July 10 SCO Summit in Ufa.

A great deal of the discussion revolved around cooperation in the fight against terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa, especially in the context of the Syrian crisis.

Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s statement and answers to media questions during a joint news conference following talks with Syria’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates Walid Muallem, Moscow, June 29, 2015

Ladies and gentlemen,

We are happy to welcome the delegation of the Syrian Arab Republic led by Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Walid Muallem to Moscow.

This morning we held substantive talks. We have just returned from the Kremlin, where Minister Muallem was received by President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. Naturally, attention was focused on the need to step up efforts to overcome the Syrian crisis. As President Putin pointed out, an objective analysis of the current situation and numerous contacts with countries of the region, including Syria’s closest neighbours Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Jordan, reveal growing concern both in the region and beyond over the terrorist activities of the so-called Islamic State (ISIS) and other radical groups practicing violent extremism.

We are convinced – as President Putin has called for – that all countries of the region should put aside the difference they have always had and, in all probability, will continue to have on certain matters, and concentrate instead on fighting our common threat – terrorism.

That would mark a very important next step towards a political consensus, following the statement adopted by the Group of Eight two years ago, in June 2013, when during its summit in Northern Ireland it urged the Syrian government and the Syrian opposition to team up against terrorists and drive them out of the country. This objective remains as relevant as ever, but considering the scale of the activities of ISIS and its accomplices, efforts by Syrians alone are not enough. That’s why we are calling on all countries of the region to coordinate their actions in combating this horrible threat. That doesn’t mean, of course, that we are postponing the other tasks stipulated by the Geneva Communiqué of June 30, 2012, above all the need to establish a political dialogue led by Syrians themselves with a view to promoting agreements that reflect the common accord between all the Syrian groups.

In the past two years, Russia has invariably advocated for the implementation of the Geneva Communique. This central document was endorsed by the UN Security Council upon our initiative, although not immediately, as at first our Western partners were reluctant to do so. Subsequently, we tried to contribute to the preparations for the resumption of the negotiating process. We held two meetings in Moscow, which allowed the Syrian Government and different opposition groups that were oriented towards a constructive dialogue to accommodate general principles aimed at preserving Syria as a sovereign, territorially integral and independent state that would ensure the rights of all ethnic, religious and other groups.

We coordinated our efforts with other countries, such as Egypt, which were also willing to facilitate the formation of conditions for the resumption of official talks on the Syrian settlement.

The two Moscow meetings produced a package of principles. We would like to continue helping, primarily the Syrians, specify the ideas and approaches set forth in these principles. To facilitate this process and prepare solid ground for the resumption of talks, we are prepared to consider the opportunity to host a third series of consultations in Moscow. We discussed this today as well with Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem.

All of these steps should help Staffan de Mistura, the UN special envoy for Syria, who is involved in intensive consultations, to lay the foundation for the negotiating process that can only be comprehensive and involve all Syrian groups, without exception.

As I said, the Geneva Communique of June 30, 2012 is a firm foundation for these efforts, although obviously this problem required enhanced attention, considering the unprecedented growth of the terrorist threat. We hope that Mr Mistura will do this.

Let me emphasise again that the task of the international community, including the neighbours of Syria, European countries, Russia, the United States and the UN is not to impose something on the Syrians, but to create the conditions for inclusive dialogue whereby they would be able to reach a consensus among themselves.

Today we also discussed conditions of bilateral relations — in part, the implementation of the agreements reached last October during a regular session of the Inter-Governmental Trade and Economic Commission.

Russia – as President Vladimir Putin reaffirmed today – will continue supporting Syrians and their leaders in the efforts to resolve socio-economic issues during the current crisis and build up their defences for countering the terrorist threat.

We are pleased with the open and traditionally friendly nature of our meetings today and will continue supporting Syrians during this time of trial.

Question (to both ministers): Contacts at different levels are taking place in the region; in part, Syria on the backdrop of the mounting terrorist threat. Are we entering a new phase of the Syrian settlement? What about potential contacts between the Syrian leaders and their counterparts in regional powers, such as Saudi Arabia and Turkey?

Sergey Lavrov: Let historians use the notions of a “new phase,” or a “new stage” when they describe what is happening. We are focused on practical policy, which requires that we should suspend as soon as possible everything that does not concern the anti-terrorist struggle and concentrate our common efforts on countering ISIS, Jabhat al-Nusra and other similar groups. As I said, today we have a bit more objective conditions for this because all countries of the region – and not only them – realise the scale of the threat. ISIS is spilling into Afghanistan and looking at Central Asia. As many testimonies show, acts of terror in Europe are also directly linked with ISIS. Therefore, the common awareness of global danger should prevail over individual geopolitical schemes and unilateral goals. Differences may be settled by way of dialogue but it is difficult to hold a dialogue on disputable issues when the existence of these states is threatened by terrorists who want to turn them into their caliphate. As you know, this goal has been proclaimed and is shared by many extremist groups from Pakistan to Nigeria.

So, let’s talk about a “new stage” later; now we want to continue our meticulous efforts on reaching an accord. Maybe there will not be a coalition in the classic meaning of this word, but it is absolutely necessary to coordinate action with all of the fighters against the terrorist threat.

Question: Russia’s political efforts to settle the Syrian crisis make it clear that the efficiency of Geneva-3 will be jeopardised without a third Moscow meeting. What practical steps can be made in this area, especially considering the sharp growth in terrorist activities in the north and south of Syria due in part to the financial support and arms supplies by neighbouring countries?

Sergey Lavrov: I would be so adamant as to say that Geneva-3 will come under threat without Moscow-3. The venue of consultations does not matter at all. The main thing is to draw conclusions from the failure of Geneva-2. It failed because our Western partners and some regional countries placed their bets on one group alone, notably the so-called National Coalition. It was proclaimed (by the Arab League among others) to be the only lawful representative of the entire Syrian people. They ignored numerous opposition groups that occupied patriotic rather than aggressive positions and advocated political settlement. It is important for us to redress this mistake and I think that we are doing this – opposition groups are beginning to unite as the result of two Moscow meetings, a meeting in Cairo and the efforts of several other countries.

The success of the Moscow-2 meeting in April was that its participants – representatives of the Syrian Government and the majority of opposition groups – agreed on a document that spells out the principles for preserving and developing the Syrian state in the interests of all of the ethnic and religious communities that have lived in Syria for centuries and even millennia. As my colleague and friend, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem, said, the document is not specific enough – it is necessary to specify many provisions that are formulated in its principles. We would like to be helpful but only Syrians can do this. Russia believes that opposition groups that did not come to Moscow but were present in Cairo should be involved in the work in these principles. Russia and Egypt are active enough in coordinating their actions in the hope that eventually all opposition groups will be represented at the talks with the Syrian Government based on the Geneva Communique. Let me emphasise again that this document provides for the need to reach a consensus on the way to live in a common state.

As for external players, they should avoid any action that does not facilitate the formation of these conditions and political settlement. All statements about the regime’s replacement harbor high risks. They contradict the Geneva Communique and, regrettably, play into the hands of extremists, which all of us would like to avoid.

Let me repeat that now we have the grounds to say that the former assessments are subject to change, although certain inertia will probably still be there. Russia would like to help – at the current meeting as well – external players realise that the main threat that goes far beyond unilateral political projects emanates from terrorism.

I would like to emphasise again that this is not today’s improvisation. Since the start of the so-called Arab Spring, we have consistently stated during all of our contacts with our partners that it is necessary to stop ignoring the enormous threat emanating from violent extremism. We are stating that it is dangerous to flirt with radicals and extremists for the sake of short-term opportunistic objectives. There are plenty of examples in history when such flirtations had grievous consequences and fired back as a deadly and bloody boomerang.

Let me recall that last week President Vladimir Putin discussed this issue with US President Barrack Obama over the phone, emphasising that the prevention of ISIS’s extremist plans falls within the common interests of Russia, the United States and all other countries. The Russian and American presidents instructed Secretary of State John Kerry and me to immediately hold a meeting on sharing opinions on the best ways to pool the efforts of our two countries and regional states. Taking due account of today’s talks, our delegations will head for Vienna where a meeting with Kerry is planned for tomorrow. We will inform you in detail about the course of these talks.

Sergey Lavrov (adds after Wallid Muallem’s comment): Walid, I will tell you as your friend that we will deal with practical issues rather than rhetoric. We will work for the adoption of practical common actions. We can engage in rhetoric when we overcome terrorism.

Comment by the Information and Press Department of the Russian MFA on the 70th Anniversary of UN Charter

Seventy years ago in San Francisco, representatives of 50 countries signed the United Nations Charter. The UN Charter, which was the result of the great victory over Nazism, provides the code of conduct for the international community as well as the foundation for the constantly evolving and extensive system of international treaties and agreements.

The UN Charter stipulates the basic principles of contemporary international law and interstate relations – the sovereign equality of countries, non-interference in internal affairs, and the peaceful resolution to disputes – which helped create a workable mechanism for global governance through the coordination of many countries’ stances. The Charter thus contained the key principles of the modern polycentric international system.

We are confident that only by joining forces to respond to the key challenges of our time will the international community be able to progress toward achieving the ambitious goals proclaimed in the Charter – to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relations among nations, based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, to cooperate in addressing economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems on a global scale with respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without discrimination by race, sex, language or religion.

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