- Statement by President of Russia Vladimir Putin
- Statement by Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
Russia welcomes the agreement reached today in Vienna on a settlement of the situation concerning Iran’s nuclear programme and the joint comprehensive plan of action approved by the six countries and Iran. We are certain that the world heaved a sigh of relief today. The negotiations supported by the UN Security Council and involving Russia, China, the USA, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iran and the European Union went on for many years. We are satisfied that the solution found is based on the principle of phasing and mutuality which our country has been consistently supporting at every stage of these complicated negotiations.
The comprehensive agreement rests on the solid foundation of international law, primarily the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and the IAEA Safeguards, including the additional protocol. Despite the attempts to validate any scenarios based on the use of force, the parties to the negotiations made a choice in favour of stability and cooperation, which will be reflected in a corresponding UN Security Council resolution.
We are grateful to all those who invariably supported efforts to find reliable political and diplomatic solutions to the Iranian issue. The Russian negotiating team and nuclear experts have made a significant expert contribution to the drafting of the comprehensive arrangements, which made it possible to align the different, often opposing views. The IAEA will carefully monitor the implementation of the agreed steps to prove the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme.
Iran gets the opportunity to develop this programme, including uranium enrichment, under IAEA control and with the gradual lifting of sanctions imposed against Tehran, something we have long called for. This is also important for the implementation of large-scale plans of peaceful nuclear cooperation between Russia and Iran that got support in the documents approved today.
We expect that all the parties concerned, primarily the six states involved in the negotiations, will comply with the deal in full. The political will demonstrated by these six states and Iran in the course of these negotiations is a guarantee of the successful implementation of the plan of action designed for the long term. Our bilateral relations with Iran will receive a new impetus and will no longer be influenced by external factors.
Russia will do everything in its power to ensure the full implementation of the Vienna agreements, assisting in strengthening global and regional security, global nuclear non-proliferation, the creation in the Middle East of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, and the mobilisation of a broad coalition in the region to counter terrorist threats.
On July 14 in Vienna, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and his colleagues from Great Britain, Germany, China, the United States, France and Iran, assisted by EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, agreed to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action regarding the Iranian nuclear programme.
This deal is the result of an integrated diplomatic process that has lasted for more than a decade. The talks to work out the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action took nearly two years. In the end, the political and diplomatic solution prevailed, which was always what Russia had been calling for. This approach has no alternative when it comes to settling international issues.
The agreement that has been reached will soon be submitted to and, hopefully, approved by the UN Security Council. It sets forth a number of specific voluntary commitments, which the P5+1, the EU and Iran undertake to implement as confidence-building measures and to achieve the final objective of ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme. The IAEA, being the sole international organisation with the requisite authority, experience and expert potential, will monitor compliance with the obligations related to nuclear activities under the agreement.
The deal is based on the approach articulated by President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation, which recognises Iran’s unconditional right to implement a peaceful nuclear programme, including uranium enrichment, subject to international controls, clarifying the outstanding issues with the IAEA and lifting the sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran. This comprehensive agreement has come to life by following the step-by-step and reciprocal process, proposed by Russia and embraced by all of the parties to the talks.
Russia is committed to continuing intensive efforts to ensure that the agreement is implemented in a sustainable manner, including by carrying out some bilateral projects with Iran.
Russia calls on all of the participants in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action to carry out the obligations they have assumed in good faith.
We strongly believe that the negotiated settlement will strengthen the nuclear non-proliferation regime and will have a positive impact on overall security and stability in the world and in the Middle East, including the Persian Gulf region. This comprehensive agreement is expected to rule out any possibility of settling the Iranian issue by force, as well as create important prerequisites for advancing the objective of creating a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, and mobilise a broad counter-terrorist coalition in the region. This would serve the interests of the international community in its entirety.
The deal is also expected to create new prospects for the progressive development of Russian-Iranian relations on a mutually beneficial and long-term basis, including carrying out major joint projects.