Seventy years ago in San Francisco, representatives of 50 countries signed the United Nations Charter. The UN Charter, which was the result of the great victory over Nazism, provides the code of conduct for the international community as well as the foundation for the constantly evolving and extensive system of international treaties and agreements.
The UN Charter stipulates the basic principles of contemporary international law and interstate relations – the sovereign equality of countries, non-interference in internal affairs, and the peaceful resolution to disputes – which helped create a workable mechanism for global governance through the coordination of many countries’ stances. The Charter thus contained the key principles of the modern polycentric international system.
We are confident that only by joining forces to respond to the key challenges of our time will the international community be able to progress toward achieving the ambitious goals proclaimed in the Charter – to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relations among nations, based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, to cooperate in addressing economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems on a global scale with respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without discrimination by race, sex, language or religion.