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updated 6:55 AM UTC, Oct 17, 2017

BRICS Joint Statement Regarding the Principles of Elaboration of International Instruments on Outer Spacе Activities

The BRICS comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa,

Sharing the desire of the international community to strengthen the security and the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, as well as to ensure that outer space is used for peaceful purposes and for the benefit of all States, irrespective of the degree of their social, economic or scientific development,

Recognizing the relevance of the idea to elaborate аn international instrument of a voluntary nature, which would contain rules of behaviour in outer space that are acceptable to all States, and taking note of the work undertaken by the EU in this regard,

Reaffirm their position that the elaboration of such an instrument should be held in the format of inclusive and consensus-based multilateral negotiations within the framework of the UN, based on a proper and unequivocal mandate, without specific deadlines and taking into account the interests of all States, irrespective of their level of development, in order to reach a balanced outcome that addresses the needs and reflects the concerns of all participants,

Stress that an instrument aimed at complementing the existing international legal framework applicable to outer space activities should not contradict or undermine the existing agreements, arrangements and principles in this field,

Underline that such an instrument should actively promote international cooperation in the uses of outer space for peaceful purposes and should not be discriminatory by including provisions that would in fact set up thresholds that would limit the equal right of exploration and use of outer space by developing countries and emerging space-faring nations,

Assert that such an instrument should not contain provisions subject to discretionary national interpretation which could undermine the security and the long-term sustainability of outer spacе activities, decrease predictability in outer space and impact negatively on efforts to prevent an arms race in outer space,

Share the view that such an instrument should be based on transparency and confidence-building measures balanced from political, legal and technical perspectives, and that work on TCBMs should not prejudice or delay the elaboration of legally-binding instruments to strengthen the existing legal framework for outer space,

Take note that elaboration of such a document should not in any way duplicate or replace the work being currently carried out through other initiatives aimed at strengthening the security and the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, in particular, the safety of space operations,

Call upon all States to adhere to these principles while elaborating international instruments regulating outer space activities,

We believe that the appropriate outcome for this meeting would be for the meeting to conclude that the process be taken forward in the UN by agreeing upon a mandate for negotiating an internationally-supported instrument on outer space activities for peaceful purposes in an inclusive and transparent manner on the basis of consensus.

Press statement following BRICS summit

BRICS SUMMIT STATEMENT

9 July 2015, 15:30

President of Russia Vladimir Putin: Ladies and gentlemen, representatives of the media,

Allow me, acting on behalf of my colleagues – the BRICS leaders, to make a brief statement following our work.

The agenda of the BRICS summit was very busy and substantive, which is a direct reflection of the diversity and depth of interaction between our five countries.

As you may know, this morning we had a meeting with the BRICS trade union leaders. We exchanged views regarding ways to improve social security and raise employment, noted the importance of combining the efforts of states, trade unions and employers to optimise labour market regulation and ensure the workers' rights and interests.

Then the BRICS heads of state and government had a meeting with the organisation's Business Council. The businessmen shared the results of the BRICS Business Summit (involving some 700 participants) that took place on the sidelines of the St Petersburg International Economic Forum and presented proposals regarding deepening cooperation in trade, investment and technology.

The focal point was the meeting of BRICS national leaders held in a narrow and expanded formats, which are traditionally held in a friendly and constructive atmosphere. We had a detailed discussion of the entire range of issues pertaining to cooperation within our organisation and adopted the Ufa Declaration and Action Plan that includes large-scale targets for the BRICS activities next year and in the long term.

The discussion in the narrow format focussed on pressing global and regional issues. The Ufa summit is taking place in the year of the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II and the creation of the United Nations. These anniversaries remind the international community of the need to join efforts to maintain peace, stability and security, the importance of preserving the central role of the United Nations, the importance of complying with international law, respect for the principles of sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs.

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Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s remarks and answers to questions at a meeting with participants of the BRICS Youth Summit

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Dear friends,

I am very pleased to see you at the Foreign Ministry during the first BRICS Youth Summit in Moscow.

BRICS is a young association built on innovative approaches and principles that reflect the needs of the time and comport with the current state of world development. The world is changing. A search is underway for the best forms for a polycentric arrangement of international relations, with several growth points and centres of gravity, representing different models of civilisation and development. These principles underlie BRICS’ formation and activities. Its goal is to create favourable conditions, first and foremost, for the comprehensive development of our countries and prosperity of our citizens.

Russia holds the Presidency of BRICS this year and has an extensive programme that was supported by each of the five countries. It aims to make as much concrete progress as possible in the areas that our presidents have identified as BRICS priorities. We are coordinating approaches and already carrying out joint projects in several areas. Our practical activities are entering an important new stage. We are completing preparations for launching BRICS financial institutions – the New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement. We are about to adopt a long-term strategy for diversified economic partnership. In general, we are striving to expand the range of our cooperation.

Apart from having a practical and pragmatic agenda, BRICS has already become an influential factor in world politics and the global economy. The leaders of our association are going to meet in Ufa next week. We hope that the decisions adopted there will give fresh impetus to the development of BRICS as a key element of the current system of global governance.

We are not teaming up against anyone. To the contrary, we are focusing on promoting a positive, unifying agenda in international relations. The common position of our countries is playing a major stabilising role in world affairs. This balanced position is promoting the search for and application of fair approaches to urgent issues on the agenda of the international community. The five BRICS countries stand for the supremacy of international law, the consolidation of the UN’s central role, peaceful settlement of conflicts and disputes, and the right of nations to determine their destinies themselves and preserve their traditions, values and culture. BRICS is making a large contribution to strengthening the global financial and economic architecture, and it is playing an active role in reforming the international monetary and financial system. These issues are being discussed by the G20, which includes all of the five BRICS countries. During discussions on reforming the international financial and monetary system, our countries do not act on their own. They have a solid group of support that includes Argentina, Mexico, Indonesia, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, among others. Thus, BRICS is also a centre of gravity for those who think the same way and favour a more just system of international relations, including economic ties.

Naturally, the ambitious tasks facing the five partner countries cannot be resolved without a solid foundation of friendship and trust between our peoples, greater people-to-people contacts and constructive cooperation between civil society representatives.

We are paying special attention to cultural and academic cooperation in BRICS. The civil and academic forums have already been held, making a useful contribution to integrating the creative intellectual potential of the five states. Exchanges for young people are of special significance for such a young and future-oriented association as BRICS. You, young people, will soon assume responsibility for everything that is taking place at home, in foreign policy and in the world arena. We appreciate the significance of your current meeting and will provide comprehensive support for youth exchanges. I know that you have a busy programme both in Moscow and Kazan. I assume some of you will also come to Ufa. We will continue supporting your initiatives and youth-related projects, such as the BRICS Network University. A global university summit is scheduled to take place in Russia in autumn. If any of you are students, you are welcome to attend.

Now I’m ready to answer your questions.

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Deputy Foreign Minister, Russian Sherpa in BRICS Sergei Ryabkov's Article «BRICS: Common Approaches and Concrete Measures» for the magazine «Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn’»

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There is hardly any other international entity more dynamic and rapidly strengthening its positions than the BRICS interstate association. Its members are countries with a market economy having a high potential of growth and oriented to modernization and innovations.

Little time has passed since this format of cooperation has been setup, nevertheless, it has taken a high place in the international system of coordinates and turned into a major element of global management.

The BRICS format is closely connected with reality, and it has emerged due to the objective processes of redistribution of forces and influence in the world. BRICS is an embodiment of the growing consolidation of positions of the so-called new development centers, although countries whose history is millennia-old can hardly be referred to as “newcomers.”

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